by Maud LE BOULH, Technical Wash Advisor, People’s Development Forum (PDF)
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) review showed that Tanzania made significant progress on some goals but was far from reaching some goals in terms of development and poverty reduction. Progress has been made although respective targets have not been met on MDGs 2, 3, 4, and 6.
Several workshops have been conducted in Tanzania in order to reflect on the MDGs result and draw conclusions to be able to achieve them. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have come at the right time when the government of Tanzania is reviewing its two major medium term development plans/strategies (the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty and 5 Year Development Plan).
Tanzania has been in the process of mainstreaming the SDGs into its national policy frameworks, which include the national development plan and monitoring and evaluation systems*.
One of the Peoples’ Development Forum (PDF) purpose is of addressing inadequate access to clean water, improved sanitation and hygiene of marginalized communities in order to meet target 6.
Several challenges hinder successful implementation of MDGs and these should be addressed if SDGs have to be successfully implemented:
- Coordination and Monitoring progress. There is a lack of up to date data for some indicators and production of too many reports which are not speaking to each other and which are not properly used to inform future planning processes. The baseline data doesn’t exist for some SDGs.
- Local Government Authorities (LGA) need to better implement and monitor SDGs (lack of human and financial resources and equipment as well as poor governance),
- The SDGs development policies and strategies are not well known among the poor people who are supposed to benefit from them. The goals must be translated into Swahili, which is crucial to ensure equal access of people in Tanzania to the content of the new agenda.
How does PDF contribute to the successfulness of Tanzania’s’ 2030 SDGs?
- PDF communicate aspects of the SDGs with the communities, by making children, sanitation artisans and social entrepreneurs agents of change that form an important component of the communication of the SDGs,
- PDF aligns its project indicators on the national data collection system and make sure that coordination is well done with the local governments,
- PDF coordinates at national and local level by taking an active part as a Tawasanet member, and meeting with the municipalities, stakeholders during project cycle,
- PDF develops innovative hand and face washing devices that enables true monitoring and use,
- PDF implements programs to ensure access to water and sanitation for all. Since 2015, in partnership with Temeke municipal council and Wateraid, we work to ensure access to water and sanitation for 350,000 people in one of the most crowded and touched area by cholera epidemics of Dar es Salaam. We build entrepreneurship skills to provide sludge, and solid waste Management services and help rehabilitate and expand the water network,
- Our sanitation activities combine integrated different techniques in order to access all and end open defecation: Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), communication for behavior change and marketing sanitation, in order to create demand and develop product supply and sanitation,
- PDF actively works on the environmental consideration aspect goal with its various projects through Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), CLTS campaign that are highly successful in increasing access to private latrines, improving the quality of latrines, and reducing self – reported open defecation. However, access to a private latrine means considering environmental impacts including water, ecosystem, flora and fauna, and so on. PDF works on the avoidance or minimization of such risks by integrating this aspect into the implementation approach. For example PDF discourages the community using many trees and bricks (even unburnt ones are considered better).
* First and second editions of the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP, popularly known by its Swahili acronym, MKUKUTA I and MKUKUTA II) and theFive Year Development plan (FYDP, 2010–2015).
About the author: Maud LE BOULH has over 5 years of working experience working with various institutions in program management and development. Among others, she worked as a Coordinator in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Mali and as a WASH Program manager in Democratic Republic of Congo before joining the Peoples’ Development Forum (PDF) International non-profit organization in Tanzania whose mission is to identify and address root causes of the problems facing marginalized communities through strategic approach and methodologies.