Implementation of 2030 Agenda: SDGs Practices in India

Authors: Anant Bhaskar Garg and Manisha Agarwal – @HRDEFIndia

India’s Philosophy of ‘One World’, Global Partnership, and culture of support is known for centuries. Uniting all stakeholders for their role in shaping the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on three pillars of economy, social, environment with culture based on the principles of equality and humanity was very important for the global society. To promote SDGs and best practices to reduce global emission and temperature increase below 1.5 ‘C, India’s Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi with French President Mr François Hollande jointly launched the International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 (COP 21). The Alliance promotes cooperation among 121 countries with the objective of reducing the price of solar energy. This Alliance will provide impetus to solar technologies development and improving their efficiencies and reducing cost. SDGs promote inter-connectedness of the issues that affect development globally and provide platforms, opportunities among various stakeholders to join hands to solve most pressing problems of the world. As more national issues have global nature thus requires multi-boundaries, multidisciplinary knowledge for trans-solutions.  

“Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas”: India’s commitment to the SDGs

Our Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi spoke about “Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas” as “Collective Effort, Inclusive Development” mantra for 2030 Agenda that is emphasized in the action plan laid out by the Indian Government. He further laid emphasis on sustainable lifestyle, sustainable path, technology for planet and environment both for developed and developing countries with suitable finances through clean, green environment, healthy practices, education, research, and development.

SDGs Action in India

NITI Aayog,  Government of India, has come-up with Three-Year Action Agenda for 2017-2020. Several large-scale programmes have been implemented such as (1) The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), for employment of rural, poor sections; (2)  Pension and insurance to workers in the unorganised sector, widows, and differently abled initiative; (3) The Mid-Day-Meal Programme to schools students; (4) Sustainable and climate-smart agriculture to promote organic farming; (5) Beti Bachao Beti Padao (Save the Girl Child, Educate the Girl Child) initiative for education and protection; (6) Make in India to make India a manufacturing hub; (7) Digital India for ICT for sustainability; (8) Focus on renewable energy, Namami Gange, and sanitation [NITI Aayog Report 2017].

The role of Education in creating “Sustainable Consciousness”

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is crucial for the SDGs awareness for All. We need synergy between all stakeholders with proper participation, monitoring, accountability, and evaluation frameworks. As per India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) there are eight goals given to balance all components – mitigation, adaptation, technology, finance and capacity building towards achieving 2030 targets. Major emphasis is on sustainable living to reduce carbon footprints, sustainable consumption and production and renewable energy by 2030. To build capacity and awareness on SDGs, our organization conducts several workshops, lectures and various other activities such as:

  1. Teacher development programs designed to develop and teach students for SDGs, climate change, and 21st century skills
  2. Focusing on employability, skill development and entrepreneurship with industry orientation and linkages
  3. Learning for science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics (STEAM) linking with SDGs with hands-on, game and problem based approach
  4. Establishing learning centers within community to imbibe responsibility, accountability, global citizenship, gender equality, values

Education have made important contributions to development but now needs more participatory, community oriented accountability to shape Generation Z’s future with sustainability in mind to create “Sustainable Consciousness.”

DISCLAIMER. The views expressed in this blog are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Together 2030 Initiative and its members.

About the authors:

Anant Bhaskar Garg is the co-Director of HaritaDhara Research Development and Education Foundation (HRDEF). An engineer and educator with 21 years of experience in various capacities in academia and industries, He has research experience in information science, neural networks, UI, HWID, HCI, AI, and their applications in automotive sector, water resources management. Published two books, 51 papers, two chapters in Springer’s book, invited speaker on ICT, Sustainability, SDGs, Energy, Sustainability in Science Centre Fellow, Climate Reality Project Leader


Manisha Agarwal is the co-Director of HRDEF. Scientist and educator, PhD (Forest Botany) FRI, Dehradun, MBA in Education Management, Published a book and 17 papers in international and national journals, Climate Reality Project Leader, involved in capacity building on sustainability, SDGs, awareness among students and skills development, member of IUCN CEC, ISCA, IBS.

Together 2030 ( is a civil society initiative that promotes national implementation and tracks progress of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Initiative, set up in December 2015, seeks to generate knowledge and project voices from civil society and stakeholders around the world on the challenges and opportunities for the 2030 Agenda.  Together 2030 brings together civil society and non-governmental actors to discuss the way to formulate and implement roadmaps at national level and hold governments to account at all levels. As of November 2017, 570 organizations have joined Together 2030 from more than 100 countries. 72% of which are based in the Global South.

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